What effect did Herbert Spencer’s Social Darwinism have on 19th century economics, social beliefs and, in turn, the arts? The art from Africa, Oceania and Native people of America became a major sour
- What effect did Herbert Spencer’s Social Darwinism have on 19th century economics, social beliefs and, in turn, the arts?
- The art from Africa, Oceania and Native people of America became a major source of inspiration for many early- 20th century artists. “Pablo Picasso and George Braque radically challenged prevailing artistic conventions with Cubism”. Defend these statements and use examples.
3. The Fauves freed color from its descriptive function. Explain what this means and use examples from Matisse and Derian.
4. Explain the art genre Die Brucke, how it developed, and who were the main artists. Use 3-5 of the artists works as examples.
5. Who was Leo and Gertrude Stein and what roll did they play in the history of the European and American avant-garde art world?
6. List the four sources in which Art Nouveau artists drew inspiration. Show an image of each being used.
7. Discuss the influence of Japanese woodblocks prints on late 19th century French panting. What stylistic features did each artist adopt in the following images: Edward Degas’s Ballet Rehearsal (Fig. 29-25) Mary Cassatt’s The Bath (Figure 29-30 and Toulouse Lautrec’s At the Moulin Rouge (Fig. 29-31) and Paul Gauguin’s The Vision after the Sermon (Fig. 29-33).
8. Compare MacIntosh’s Tea Room (Fig. 29-51) with the 16th century Japanese Tea House in Kyoto (Fig. 2-6). What attitudes do they share toward craftsmanship and design?
9. What was the goal of the Arts and Crafts movement and what type of objects did its members produce?
10. What visual parallels have been pointed out between photographs and the work of the impressionists? Give examples.